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Respiratory Care

A respiratory system is a series of organs responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide. The primary organs of the respiratory system are the lungs, which carry out this exchange of gases as we breathe.

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Common Symptoms of respiratory diseases may include:

  • Breathlessness or Wheezing

  • Persistent, new or changed cough

  • Chest pain

  • Coughing up blood, mucus or phlegm

  • Serious respiratory conditions can cause long-term illness or death.

Common diseases of the respiratory system include:

  • Asthma: Your airways narrow and make too much mucus.

  • Bronchiectasis: Inflammation and infection make your bronchial walls thicker.

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): This long-term condition gets worse over time. It includes bronchitis and emphysema.

  • Pneumonia: An infection causes inflammation in your alveoli. They might fill up with fluid or pus.

  • Tuberculosis: A bacterium causes this dangerous infection. It usually affects your lungs but might also involve your kidney, spine, or brain.

  • Lung cancer: Cells in your lung change and grow into a tumor. This often happens because of smoking or other chemicals you’ve breathed in.

  • Pleural effusion: Too much fluid builds up between the tissues that line your lungs and chest.

  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: Your lung tissue becomes scarred and can’t work the way it should.

  • Obstructive sleep disorders: you have snoring and disturbed sleep and as result dull and lethargic next morning. In long run this can cause serious health problem.

They can be short term (acute) or long-lasting (chronic). CRDs are not curable, however, various forms of treatment that help dilate major air passages and improve shortness of breath can help control symptoms and increase the quality of life for people with the disease.

How to keep your Lungs Healthy

  • Don't smoke

  • Avoid harmful environmental factors such as smoke, dusts and chemicals

  • Exercise or Yoga like Pranayam.

  • Wash your hands regularly to prevent infections

  • Eat a healthy, vitamin-rich diet

  • Drink plenty of water

  • Practice good oral hygiene

  • Consider having the flu vaccine each year and other vaccines if indicated (such as those for whooping cough or pneumonia). Discuss this with your doctor.

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